PATHOLOGICAL SITUATIONS IN THE ORAL CAVITY
In many patients we find teeth that have lost the normal anatomy due to dental wear. The cause that produce this can be different (overload during mastication, dental malpositions, lack of space, adapted bites, incorrect inclinations, bad habits, etc.). Therefore, it is important to carry out a study of the occlusion both in the oral cavity and outside of it that allows us to make a correct diagnosis and an adequate treatment.
SEVERE DENTAL CROWDING
Tooth crowding is an alteration of the position of the teeth caused, in general, by a difference in size between the teeth and bone
Following rhe loss of a tooth, has got negative effects on the rest of the dentition. The adjacent teeth begin to lean and move towards the area where the lost tooth was. The antagonist tooth of the lost one begins to extrude from its socket, in an attempt to fill in the existing space.
The A.T.M. (TEMPOROMANDIBULAR ARTICULATION) allows us to both open and close the mouth and perform the movements involved in chewing. During these actions, many muscles are involved (supra and inframandibular, facial, pharyngeal, etc ..). An incorrect bite, causes alterations in the function of this musculature and articulation and may cause headaches and neck pain.
SPLINTS TO USE DURING SPORTS
When we perform a physical activity that involves significant effort or short, intense movements (sprints) we tend to bite or contact the upper and lower teeth. This situation causes a slight asymmetry between joints on one side of the body and the other that could be related to an increased risk of injury and the loss of efficiency in the exercise to be performed. The use of a perfectly adjusted buccal plane adapted to the bony characteristics of the patient corrects this type of skeletal differences.